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The Journal of the Australasian Law Academics Association (JALAA) is an electronic double blind peer reviewed journal.  Established in 2008, JALAA is published annually following the Association’s Annual Conference.  
Only papers presented at the ALAA Annual Conference are eligible for submission for publication in JALAA, subject to editorial discretion and the peer review process.
JALAA is committed to ethical publication principles.


Guidelines for Authors

You must read these Guidelines before lodging your submission using the Call for Papers Application Form below.


The Journal of the Australasian Law Academics Association (JALAA) (ISSN is 2652-6573) is an electronic, double-blind peer reviewed journal. JALAA aims to publish a broad range of research that reflects the varied interests of ALAA members. We are particularly interested in publishing work authored or co-authored by new and emerging researchers. JALAA is normally published annually, subsequent to the Association's annual conference. However, due to the cancellation of the 2020 conference, JALAA will publish a combined 2020-21 edition in the second half of 2021. We will give preference to presentations made by ALAA members at ALAA-supported events, including the 2020 Professional Legal Education Conference on 1-3 October 2020 (co-hosted by Bond University’s Centre for Professional Legal Education and ALAA).    


JALAA publishes articles of between 2,500-5,000 words in length (excluding reference footnotes). For the 2020-21 combined edition, the Editors will strictly apply the upper word limit to maximise the number of published articles. There is no prescribed number of articles for each issue of JALAA.

Submissions must be in double spaced 12-point Times Roman font. An Abstract of approximately 100 words must also be submitted.

All submissions for JALAA should be made using the Call for Papers Application Form below.

Questions can be emailed to  


All submissions to JALAA are subject to double blind peer review by appropriate specialists in the field. JALAA satisfies the requirements to be regarded as being a peer reviewed scholarly journal.

Planned 2020 Publication Timeline

We will aim to adhere to the following timeline for the 2020-21 edition:

From July 2020

Submission of articles and abstracts via the application form – no later than 2 August 2021.

Early September 2021

Referees review articles. ALL articles go through a double-blind refereeing process, and are also reviewed independently by the Editors.

Mid October

Articles sent back to authors for revision.

Early November

Papers due back two weeks after they are sent to authors.

Papers reviewed by the Editors.

Papers sent to Proofreaders for review.

Mid November

Proofreaders return papers to authors to approve changes or make any required amendment. Speedy turnaround is expected.

Early December

Papers typeset.

​End December 2021

Papers published on the ALAA website, both individually and in a consolidated edition.

Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC) 4th Edition

You must use the when formatting and referencing your paper.

Image, Chart and Figure Guide

Please follow this guide when making these additions to your paper.

Images, Charts, Figures

  • The better the resolution, the better the result. Images, charts and figures should be submitted separately as:

  • .eps or similar files

  • At high resolution (300dpi) in commonly used formats such as .pdf, .jpeg or .tif

  • In the final version for typesetting, authors can simply place a note such as 'Insert figure 2 here'


Can be inserted into word documents as normal


If authors have used Endnote or similar referencing software, the field codes should not be live. For Endnote, use the 'Remove Field Codes' command.

Copyright Licence Agreement

Copyright in articles published in JALAA remains with the author. When lodging the Call for Papers Application Form, the author will be asked to agree to this Copyright Licence Agreement.

This Agreement

This Copyright Licence Agreement sets out the terms under which you, the author (or joint author), agree to permit the Australasian Law Academics Association (ALAA), the publisher of the JALAA, to publish your manuscript and to permit third parties to do so.

Your Copyright

You retain copyright in your manuscript. You grant ALAA a licence to publish your manuscript and to permit third parties to do so on the terms stated below.


You warrant that:

  1. The manuscript is an original work created solely by you and that no part of the manuscript violates any copyright;

  2. If you refer to material not created solely by you, such material is properly attributed to its respective authors;

  3. No part of the manuscript has already been published elsewhere;

  4. No part of the manuscript has been submitted for publication elsewhere, or will be submitted for publication elsewhere, until the Editors confirm in writing that ALAA does not intend to publish the manuscript;

  5. You have obtained approval from an Ethics Committee, where necessary;

  6. The manuscript is not defamatory; and

  7. The manuscript does not infringe any other rights of a third party.

You agree to indemnify ALAA and JALAA’s Editors for any loss or damage arising from the breach of any of these warranties or for any other liability which may arise in connection with the publication of your manuscript.


Publication in JALAA is primarily in electronic form (on the Internet and in downloadable PDF format). However, ALAA may publish your manuscript in print or other format. You license ALAA (without charge) to publish your manuscript in any format and allow third parties to do so on such terms as the Editors think fit.

Subsequent Publication of the Manuscript  

Although copyright in the manuscript remains with the author, you undertake to obtain the Editors' permission in advance of publishing the manuscript elsewhere. Permission for subsequent publication of the manuscript by you is usually granted, subject to identification of prior publication in JALAA including full citation information.

You are free to make copies of the published version of your manuscript as long as you distribute such copies at or below cost.  

Review of Your Manuscript

You agree that the Editors' decision on whether to publish your manuscript in JALAA shall be final. Your manuscript will be double blind peer reviewed and publication on JALAA will only take place after a positive peer review, subject to the final discretion of the Editors.

The Editors will edit your manuscript to correct any spelling or syntax error, to put footnotes into house style and, on occasions, to enhance expressions or to clarify meaning. You authorise the Editors to make such changes without seeking your prior approval. The Editors will usually consult you before making any major changes.

Governing Law

The law of the Commonwealth of Australia applies to this Copyright Licence Agreement.  

JALAA Contact Information

JALAA Editors: Jonathan Barrett (Editor-in-Chief), Sean Goltz, Jackie Mapulanga

JALAA Co-ordinator: Leylani Taylor

Email enquiries:


Guidelines on Ethical Behaviour

The Journal of the Australasian Law Academics Association (JALAA) publishes original research in order to promote academic excellence and the dissemination of legal academic work within Australasia and beyond. In additional to an Editorial Board, JALAA has two Editors and an Editor-in-Chief (the Editors). All manuscripts submitted to JALAA are subject to a rigorous editorial process, including double blind review by subject experts. JALAA follows and upholds the following guidelines on ethical behaviour and requires the Editors, Authors and Reviewers to adhere to them. For more information, please contact the Editors.


Fairness and independence

The Editors will:

  • ensure the integrity of a double-blind peer-review process;

  • assume ultimate responsibility for all content published in JALAA;

  • assess manuscripts based on academic merit;

  • make the final publication decision, free from bias and the influence of any external policymaker, advertiser or source of commercial revenue.


The Editors will:

  • not disclose information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the Authors, Reviewers, potential Reviewers or members of the Editorial Board;

  • ensure that administrative staff and copyeditors maintain confidentiality.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

The Editors will:

  • not use unpublished information from a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the Authors’ express written consent;

  • keep information they are privy to during the course of the review process confidential;

  • take appropriate steps to avoid conflicts of interest between Authors and any other person in relation to the submitted manuscript.

Editorial decisions

The Editors:

  • will ensure that at least two subject experts review a submitted manuscript;

  • are ultimately responsible for deciding which manuscripts are published in JALAA, based on criteria, including academic importance, quality, interest to readers, Reviewer comments, and legal or ethical considerations (e.g. breach of copyright, plagiarism);

  • may discuss a proposed decision with members of the Editorial Board or Reviewers to ensure that a decision is not unfair, biased or otherwise incompatible with these guidelines.

Ethical issues

The Editors will:

  • investigate any report of ethical misconduct (e.g. plagiarism, duplicate submission, fabricated data, change in authorship, conflict of interest etc.);

  • take guidance from the COPE Code of Conduct flowcharts if misconduct is reported;

  • take proportionate action (e.g. correction, retraction, expression of concern or another note published in the JALAA) if, following an appropriate investigation, misconduct is shown to be probable.


Support the editorial decision-making process

Reviewers will:

  • provide constructive feedback to help the Editors make a publication decision and to permit Authors to improve the quality and integrity of their submitted manuscript;

  • assess manuscripts on the basis of academic merit, in good faith, without bias and with respect for Authors’ dignity, bearing in mind that JALAA seeks to attract manuscripts from new and emerging researchers who are members of ALAA; 

  • recommend to the Editors whether to revise, reject or accept a submitted manuscript for publication.


Reviewers (and potential Reviewers) will:

  • respect the confidentiality of the review process;

  • not disclose any details of a submitted manuscript or its review, either during or after the review process, beyond the final published paper;

  • not discuss the process with others unless, in extraordinary circumstances, the Editors expressly authorise.


Reviewers will:

  • conduct their reviews objectively;

  • clearly articulate their views, with supporting comments, so that Authors have the opportunity to improve the quality and integrity of their submitted manuscript to reach a publishable level;

  • not make hostile, denigrating or otherwise inappropriate personal comments.

Acknowledgement of relevant sources

Reviewers will:

  • advise the Editors of any relevant additional investigations (along with the published citation details) that the Authors have not cited and which are essential to support and strengthen claims made in the submitted manuscript;

  • notify the Editors of any irregularities, if they have concerns about ethical aspects or if they are aware of any substantial similarity/overlap with the submitted manuscript and any other manuscript, or if they suspect misconduct during either the research or writing of the manuscript;

  • keep any concerns confidential and allow the Editors to investigate, and supply further information if requested.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Reviewers (and potential Reviewers, where appropriate) will:

  • inform the Editors if they have a potential conflict of interest in the form of collaborative, competitive, or other relationships with or connections to an Author, company or institution declared or connected to the manuscript, or to the work described within it;

  • contact the Editors if they are unsure whether a relevant conflict of interest exists;

  • respect the confidentiality of the review process;

  • not use any unpublished information from a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the Authors’ express written consent;

  • keep all information they are privy to during the course of the review process confidential.

Ethical issues

Reviewers will share any ethical concerns they may have promptly with the Editors.


Accurate reporting

Authors will:

  • accurately present their research in substance and form appropriate for an Australasian legal journal;

  • include sufficient detail and relevant references to enable independent assessment of the work;

  • indicate if a submitted manuscript includes opinions or personal perspectives;

  • refrain from making fraudulent or deliberately inaccurate statements.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors will:

  • write and submit original works only;

  • cite others’ ideas and expressions in accordance with the current Australian Guide to Legal Citation;

  • generally, refrain from plagiarism in any form.

Simultaneous submission/publication

Authors will not, without the express written agreement of the Editors, submit a manuscript to JALAA that:

  • has previously been published in a language other than English or outside Australasia;

  • is under consideration for publication by another journal.


Authors will:

  • participate sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the submitted manuscript;

  • be accountable for all aspects related to the accuracy or integrity of the submitted manuscript;[1]

  • acknowledge in the first footnote a substantial contribution to the submitted manuscript by a person who does not meet the criteria for authorship and who gives permission to be acknowledged.  

The corresponding Author will

  • ensure that all applicable Authors are included in the Author list;

  • confirm that all applicable Authors have seen and approve the submitted manuscript and agree to it being submitted to JALAA for potential publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Authors will

  • disclose any form of conflict of interest appropriately in the submitted manuscript;[2]

  • contact the Editors promptly if they are unsure whether an arrangement constitutes a conflict of interest.  

Acknowledgement of relevant sources

Authors will:

  • acknowledge relevant sources of information that have affected the outcome of the submitted manuscript;

  • obtain written permission from the source of information obtained from private correspondence or conversation;

  • ensure their submitted manuscript does not breach anyone’s copyright and indemnify ALAA, JALAA, the Editors and the Editorial Board from any claim for breach of copyright.

Peer review process

Authors will:

  • participate in the peer review process and respond promptly to requests for data, clarity of information, proof of ethics approval, copyright permissions and other information as required;

  • respond to the Reviewer’s comments in a systematic and timely manner, if a revision decision is made for a submitted manuscript;

  • resubmit a revised manuscript by the deadline set by the Editors.

Errors in published works

Authors will:

  • report any errors or inaccuracies in their published article;

  • cooperate with the Editors to correct an article that includes errors or inaccuracies in the form of an erratum, or to retract the article.


Handling of unethical publishing behaviour

In cases of alleged or proven misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, ALAA will, in consultation with the Editors, seek clarity on the situation and take proportionate action, including publication of an erratum and retraction of the article.

Corrections and Retractions

The Editors will, if an Author reports an error of any nature in their published manuscript ensure that JALAA publishes an erratum as soon as is practicable, citing the original article and reporting relevant amendments.[3]

Appeals and complaints

Any person who has a grievance with JALAA will address their complaint to the Editors or the Chair of ALAA who will investigate the matter or assign an independent investigator to do so.

[1] Participation includes conception and design of the manuscript, data acquisition or data analysis and interpretation, drafting of the manuscript and/or revising it for critically important intellectual content, revision and final approval of the manuscript and statistical analysis, obtaining funding, administrative, technical, or material support, or supervision.

[2] Conflicts of interest include anything that can be interpreted to influence or affect the results or their interpretation within the submitted manuscript. Financial conflicts include: any gain brought to the Author or Author’s family member(s), business partner(s), employer(s) by direct or indirect commission, stock ownership or, involvement in any for-profit or not-for-profit corporation where the author or their family is a director or recipient of a grant (include details of grant number), honoraria, consultancy, travel cost reimbursement or paid expert testimony. Non-financial conflicts of interest may be affiliations, political, personal and/or professional relationships, or intellectual conflict.

[3] Retractions can be authored either by the Authors or by the Editors, and should clearly report the reasons for the article retraction. They must include a complete citation to the original article, which must be clearly labelled as retracted. Errata and retractions must be published in a numbered page in an issue of the JALAA to ensure proper indexing.

Image by Taisiia Shestopal



VOLUME 13/14